Normal upper GI endoscopy report

Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, usually called esophagogastroduodenoscopy, observes the mouth, pharyngolarynx, esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. The findings and normal variants of normal upper gastrointestinal tract are to be discussed in this chapter An upper GI endoscopy or EGD (esophagogastroduodenoscopy) is a procedure to diagnose and treat problems in your upper GI (gastrointestinal) tract. The upper GI tract includes your food pipe (esophagus), stomach, and the first part of your small intestine (the duodenum). This procedure is done using a long, flexible tube called an endoscope

Normal Upper GI Findings and Normal Variants SpringerLin

Asian Institute of Gastroenterology

Upper GI endoscopy is a procedure in which a doctor uses an endoscope—a flexible tube with a camera—to see the lining of your upper GI tract. A gastroenterologist, surgeon, or other trained health care professional performs the procedure, most often while you receive light sedation to help you relax. Does upper GI endoscopy have another name An upper endoscopy, sometimes referred to as esophagogastroduodenoscopy or EGD, is a type of endoscopy performed on the upper GI tract. This procedure is considered the golden standard for identifying certain gastrointestinal disorders such as celiac disease Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (esophagogastroduodenoscopy, EGD) includes visualization of the oropharynx, esophagus, stomach, and proximal duodenum, with real-time assessment and interpretation of the findings encountered. A variety of technical and cognitive aspects must be mastered in order to perform a high-quality examination Upper GI endoscopy is a procedure in which a doctor passes a thin tube called an endoscope through your mouth to see the lining of the upper part of your digestive system also upper GI tract. EDG enables doctors to diagnose and treat many symptoms and conditions that affect the esophagus, stomach, and the first part of the small intestine also called duodenum On the other hand, identification of normal endoscopic features of the esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine, and anorectum is critical for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis. In addition, there are normal variations on endoscopy of the GI tract. Some of these variations can mimic IBD, IBD-associated complications, and other.

Upper endoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that uses an endoscope to examine the upper gastrointestinal tract—the esophagus, the stomach, and the first segment of the small intestine An upper endoscopy can be used to determine the cause of heartburn and is often performed as an outpatient procedure. Upper endoscopy uses a thin scope with a light and camera at its tip to look..

Upper GI Endoscopy Johns Hopkins Medicin

  1. al pain, nausea, vomiting or difficulty swallowing. It's the best test for finding the cause of bleeding from the upper gastrointestinal tract. It's also more accurate than X-ray films for detecting inflammation, ulcers and tumors of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum
  2. Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Upper endoscopy (EGD) Has anyone else had this back pain? Was given the images of my endoscopy. The report showed no a normal EGD, Thankfully my back pain is almost all back to normal - This confims that it was all skeletal/muscular that was caused from the gagging during the procedure..
  3. An upper GI (UGI) series is like an X-ray movie of your digestive tract. But instead of eating popcorn, you drink a thick liquid called barium. Find out more about this test
  4. An upper GI series is a procedure in which a doctor uses x-rays, fluoroscopy, and a chalky liquid called barium to view your upper GI tract. The barium will make your upper GI tract more visible on an x-ray. The two types of upper GI series are. a standard barium upper GI series, which uses only barium
  5. About 2 weeks ago I underwent an endoscopy. Immediately following the procedure I was informed I had a hiatus hernia and was given management advice. 4 biopsies of my upper small bowel were also taken and I was informed these would be available in approximately 2 weeks from my GP
  6. We report here a case of acute parotid gland swelling developed immediately after upper GI endoscopy. CASE REPORT A 56‑year‑old female was referred for upper GI endoscopy to evaluate esophageal varices. She was suffering from portal hypertension with hypersplenism for last 1 year. One year ago sh
  7. EGD performed by an experienced gastroenterologist is the most accurate means of detecting abnormalities such as Barrett's esophagus, ulcers and cancers in the upper GI tract, but no test is 100% accurate in this regard. In most cases, the risks of a serious complication of EGD are easily outweighed by the benefits

Traditionally, doctors have used endoscopy - a procedure in which a flexible scope is inserted down your throat - to diagnose upper GI disorders. But capsule endoscopy has gained favor as it is painless, minimally invasive, and doesn't require anesthesia significant upper GI tract findings. Additionally, EGD is often performed as part of the preoperative evaluation of patients being considered for antireflux surgery or for the placement of wireless esophageal pH monitoring devices19 and is an inherent part of various endoscopic antireflux procedures. Endoscopy is often performed i

Open-access endoscopy is a system designed to offset the cost of endoscopy in stable patients without significant comorbidities who have clear indications for upper GI endoscopy. [] The responsibilities of the referring physician are to have a complete understanding of the patient's condition and to be fully aware of the accepted indications for endoscopy Upper endoscopy helps your doctor evaluate symptoms of upper abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting or difficulty swallowing. It's the best test for finding the cause of bleeding from the upper gastrointestinal tract. It is also more accurate than X-ray films for detecting inflammation, ulcers and tumors of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum

Indications and findings of upper gastrointestinal

About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features Press Copyright Contact us Creators. Upper GI (UGI) endoscopy is commonly performed and carries a low risk of adverse events. Large series report adverse event rates of 1 in 200 to 1 in 10,000 and mortality rates ranging from none to 1 in 2000.1-6 Data collected from the Clinical Outcomes Research Initiative database show a cardiopulmonary event rate of 1 in 170 and

Upper endoscopy - Mayo Clini

  1. Upper Endoscopy (EGD) Prep Instructions Medical Procedures Unit - 2 - • If you take a blood thinner like Plavix, Pradaxa, Clopidogrel, Coumadin, warfarin, Effient, Prasugrel or Lovenox ask your health care provider for specific instructions. 1 day before your upper endoscopy: You may have your normal diet the day before the procedure
  2. imally invasive procedure that can aid in the diagnostic evaluation of clinical signs referable to the esophagus, stomach, and proximal small intestine. UGIE is commonly pursued to obtain biopsy samples as part of the diagnostic evaluation of a pet with chronic gastrointestinal (GI) signs
  3. imally invasive procedure that is generally performed as an outpatient procedure. The procedure does not require an incision, and generally has a quick recovery and a very low risk of complications. Upper GI endoscopy is only one method used to treat and diagnose conditions of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum
  4. ESGE group and the Computer Committee of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE). At this time, the work was reviewed and modified and the Committee was constituted as the Working Party for this report for the World Congresses of Gastroenterology and Digestive Endoscopy
  5. al pain (comes and gos and is only moderate) metallic taste in the mouth. I was fully prepared for gastritis and the GI tells me I have a very normal looking stomach and esophagus. I have also had an abdo

[1] ASGE Standard of Practice Committee, Shergill AK, Ben-Menachem T, et al. Guidelines for endoscopy in pregnant and lactating women. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. 2012;76(1):18-24. [2] Szary NM, Al-Kawas FH. Complications of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography: how to avoid and manage them A prospective study of bidirectional endoscopy (colonoscopy and upper endoscopy) in the evaluation of patients with occult gastrointestinal bleeding. Am J Gastroenterol 1992 ;87: 62 - 66 Web of.

Report from Klaus Bielefeldt, MD, PhD: Understanding Pain and Discomfort in Functional GI Disorders; Report from Dan L. Dumitrascu, MD, PhD: The Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness in Irritable Bowel Syndrome Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. the 24-hour pH probe measures the esophagus's behavior during a normal day, so eating and. Quality of care is the degree to which health services for individuals and populations increase the likelihood of desired health outcomes and are consistent with current professional knowledge ().The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE), the American College of Gastroenterology (ACG), and the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) have continually promoted the ideal. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy findings Normal: The esophagus, stomach, and upper small intestine (duodenum) look normal. Abnormal: Inflammation or irritation is found in the esophagus, stomach, or small intestine. Bleeding, an ulcer, a tumor, a tear, or dilated veins are found. A hiatal hernia is found Peter B. Kelsey, DAVE projec GI Surgery / General Surgery Medical Transcription Sample Report #1 OPERATION PERFORMED: Laparoscopic robotic-assisted Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with intraoperative upper endoscopy. DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION: After adequate oral endotracheal anesthesia was administered, the patient was prepped and draped in routine sterile fashion in a supine.

The Utility of Endoscopic Biopsies in Patients with Normal

An upper GI series (barium swallow)is a test used to visualize the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. The test involves some exposure to radiation. To prepare, patients must not eat or drink for 4 to 8 hours before the test. A radiologist interprets the results of the test and informs the patient of the findings Last Friday I had a combined colonoscopy and endoscopy of the oesophogus, duodenum and stomach done at the same time. Leading up to the procedure I was absolutely terrified and spent hours looking for information from people who'd had it done so I thought I would share it for others who may have to have both or either of these investigations Upper GI bleeding was the indication for endoscopy in 53 patients. PUD was the primary finding in 16 of them while in 19 patients the findings were normal. Esophageal varices, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer were found in five, five and two patients respectively. Discussio In absence of a widely recognized and accepted protocol for a systemic examination and objective measurement of quality in upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, false-negative rates of EGD examinations are estimated to vary between 10% and 20%[10-12] Upper GI endoscopy is a procedure in which a doctor uses an endoscope—a long, flexible tube with a camera—to see the lining of your upper GI tract.A gastroenterologist, surgeon, or other trained health care provider performs the procedure, most often while you receive light sedation.Your doctor may also call the procedure an EGD or esophagogastroduodenoscopy

My 4/18 Upper GI Report (in full) As requested here it is. Thanks all of you guys in advance. ~H. NO COMPARISON AVAILABLE. TECHNIQUE: A GASTROGRAFI UPPER GI SERIES WAS PERFORMED WITH IMAGING IN SUPINE, PRONE, OBLIQUE, AND UPRIGHT POSITIONS. FINDINGS: Mucosal evaluation is limited due to the use of water-soluble contrast Welcome to Endoscopy Essentials, a column that discusses endoscopic evaluation of specific body systems, reviewing indications, disease abnormalities, and proper endoscopic techniques.Visit tvpjournal.com to read the first three Endoscopy Essentials articles:. Overview of Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (November/December 2014); Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Techniques (March/April 2015 Physical examination revealed no stigmata of cirrhosis or portal hypertension. Liver function tests and clotting param- eters were normal. Initial upper gastrointestinal endoscopy demonstrated grade I esophageal varices; active bleeding from the duodenal bulb precluded further visualization Gastrointestinal Unit, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Hospital, Boston and Harvard Medical School Mallory-Weiss tear of the gastroesophageal junction is a rare complication of flexible upper endoscopy. We report 2 cases of this complication and present a review of the relevant literature. Such tears may, i An upper GI endoscopy is a procedure to diagnose and treat problems in your upper GI (gastrointestinal) tract. Read on to learn more about the procedure, including why you might need it, how to get ready for it, and what happens during and after

Upper GI endoscopy, also called OGD (oesophago-gastro-duodenoscopy), 'gastroscopy' or simply an 'endoscopy', is a test which allows the doctor to look directly at the lining of the oesophagus (the gullet), the stomach and around the first bend of the small intestine - the duodenum. In order to do the test, an endoscope is passed through your. An upper GI endoscopy can also treat problems in the upper GI tract. The procedure can be used to: Control bleeding. Remove tumors or growths (polyps) Open (dilate) narrowed areas. Remove things that may be stuck. Do laser therapy. Put a tube used for tube feeding (a percutaneous gastrostomy tube) into the stomach

During upper endoscopy a thin flexible tube, about the diameter of a fat pencil, is passed in the mouth down the upper gastrointestinal tract. This tube has a video chip on its tip. From the mouth it is advanced down the esophagus, or inside a feeding tube, into the stomach Upper GI endoscopy revealed mucosal edema and severe hyperemia of the corpus , a large sheet erosion in antrum , and a gastric antral ulcer . Biopsies taken from the gastric mucosa were consistent with EG and showed cryptitis, inflammation, and gastric peak eosinophil counts of 98 and 126 eosinophils/hpf Gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy is a procedure performed on individuals to examine the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum (the first portion of the small bowel). GI endoscopy is used to diagnose and prevent many diseases and conditions such as cancer, GERD, hiatal hernia, duodenitis, and stomach ulcers MD. I had an upper endoscopy on September 4th to check for a possible ulcer. Two to three days after associated with the common cold - no throat issues otherwise. The GI doc told me I could have... View answer

An upper GI endoscopy or EGD (esophagoastoduodenoscopy) is an examination of the lining of the upper digestive tract through a flexible tube (endoscope). This allows a specially trained physician to directly view the esophagus (food tube), stomach and duodenum (first portion of the small intestine) and identify any problems Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy findings; Normal: The esophagus, stomach, and upper small intestine (duodenum) look normal. Abnormal: Inflammation or irritation is found in the esophagus, stomach, or small intestine. Bleeding, an ulcer, a tumor, a tear, or dilated veins are found. A hiatal hernia is found The Capsule endoscopy course covers the technical components of the capsule endoscopy (CE) procedure including the kit and software needed and introduce indications for the use of CE. It will cover how to report CE including identification of important landmarks and the spectrum of normal findings INTRODUCTION. Iatrogenic perforation of the digestive tract after upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy is a rare occurrence with incidences of <1% [].The management of pneumoperitoneum after endoscopic perforation can be non-operative or operative depending on the size of the perforation, clinical symptoms and hemodynamic stability

Upper Endoscopy with Biopsy Procedure Sample Repor

  1. I had a upper gi endoscopy performed 4 days ago. The doctor had told the pain would go away after a day. I still have pain in right side of throat even after 4 days. The pain occurs when swallowing or gulping just air. Should I be concerned or is this normal.
  2. Z line.: Z - line (also called squamocolumnar junction) is the very obvious line visible on endoscopy where cells transition from normal esophageal cells to stomach cells. In your case it was 42 cm from incisors to z line. It is important to know what distance separates the z line and the gastroesphageal sphincter as this is related to your risk for cancer
  3. Endoscopic therapy in sigmoid volvulus — case report and glance at the current ASGE guideline. Clinical case: A 78-year-old lady presented as an emergency case with stool retention for several days in chronic constipation, with known diverticulosis and acutely increasing. VIEW THE GALLERY. Galleries | Special Cases
  4. g an upper GI endoscopy but he said that the pain will subside within few days as in some cases endoscope does graze the back of the throat. Endoscopy report attached
  5. al organs, brain, chest, lungs, heart) while endoscopy is a procedure that can visualize only the inside surface of the upper gastrointestinal tract. CT scans use radiation (X-rays) to form images while endoscopy uses a flexible instrument equipped with a.
  6. If the results of upper endoscopy and colonoscopy are negative and occult blood persists in the stool, an upper GI series with small-bowel follow-through, CT enterography, small-bowel endoscopy (enteroscopy), capsule endoscopy (which uses a small pill-like camera that is swallowed), technetium-labeled colloid or red blood cell (RBC) scan, and.

Endoscopy and biopsy taken. In my experience, biopsies are taken whenever any endoscopy is performed, either of something specific or, if nothing is seen, randomly, to look for signs of, for example, inflammation. It's usual to be told immediately if something is found, otherwise, it's the wait for biopsy results Endoscopy Center → Understanding Your Procedure A colonoscopy is a procedure in which the colon's lining is inspected with a flexible instrument called a colonoscope. Your physician can visualize the lining on a television monitor, while you are comfortably sedated. Your doctor can use the procedure's findings to help diagnose and treat many diseases affecting [ Acute upper GI bleeding (UGIB) is defined as bleeding from a source proximal to the ligament of Treitz. UGIBs are associated with significant morbidity and mortality and can be a true GI emergency. 1 Acute UGIBs can be divided into non-variceal and variceal etiologies. Non-variceal UGIBs are the most common type of acute UGIB and includes peptic ulcer disease, gastroduodenal erosions, Mallory. Thank you, all. FYI, my endo and GI finally agreed that doubling my normal steroid dose before the procedure would be adequate. I decided to reschedule, however, after I realized that a morning appt. would allow me to take my medication at a normal time and the procedure would be done only after a normal overnight fast, instead of fasting all day before going in for the endoscopy in the.

GI Medical Transcription Discharge Summary Sample Report

DISCUSSION Only a few studies deal with the frequency of upper GI lesions in normal asymptomatic volunteers.812 One report of upper GI lesions in the general population comes from an endoscopic survey on 358 control subjects in Finland.8 In that study which screened families for gastric carcinoma, the point prevalence of active peptic ulcer. An upper gastrointestinal (GI)endoscopy is the best way to examine your esophagus, stomach, and upper small intestine (duodenum). Your doctor can take a tissue sample to test for H. pylori infection, which is believed to be the main cause of stomach or duodenal ulcers

GERD Symptoms but Your Upper Endoscopy Is Normal? Why Is

  1. Normal Foreign body Parasite(s) Mass Lesion . Comments (include location) Code . Can't inflate lumen . Hyperemia/vascularity . Edema . Discoloration . Friability/Hemorrhage . Texture . Erosion/ulcer . Other . Code: Normal = 0 Mild = 1 Moderate = 2 Severe =
  2. Upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is defined as hemorrhage from the mouth to the ligament of Treitz. 1 The incidence of upper GI bleeding varies from 48 to 160 cases per 100,000 individuals. 2.
  3. About Upper GI Endoscopy at Digestive Disease Endoscopy Center. Digestive Disease Endoscopy Center is committed to providing outstanding patient care in the Normal, IL area, but before you commit to Digestive Disease Endoscopy Center for a Upper GI Endoscopy make sure you compare and shop other medical facilities
  4. My results from upper GI endoscopy. The Z line was irregular and was found 36cm from the incisors Mini.mal inflammation characterized by erythems was found in gastric antrum.biopsy taken for helicobscter pylori testing. Localized mucosal flstteni g was found in the area of the papilla. Biopsies were taken for evaluation of Celtic deseas

5 Conditions Commonly Diagnosed With an Upper GI Endoscop

Gastrointestinal endoscopy training manual

Upper GI Endoscopy NIDD

Bedside upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE) is a procedure frequently performed in critically ill patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). It has both a diagnostic (macroscopic examination of the lesions and biopsy sampling) and a therapeutic role (hemostatic vasoconstrictor injection, clipping, ligation of esophageal varices, etc.) Upper GI Endoscopy Endoscopy involves the use of a flexible video instrument (endoscope) to examine the upper intestinal tract including the oesophagus, stomach and duodenum. The procedure is commonly undertaken if your doctor suspects that you have inflammation, ulceration or other abnormality of the oesophagus, stomach or duodenum In 20% of patients with IDA a routine upper and lower GI endoscopy may not ascertain GI cause during hospital admission . The available literature, in heterogeneous groups including old age patients and postmenopausal women with IDA, has shown GI lesions in 40 - 70% [4-6] greater curvature. The esophagus is at the left. In the fundus can be seen the lesser curvature.Just beyond the antrum is the pylorus emptying into the first portion of duodenum is at the lower right. The normal appearance of the gastric fundus on upper GI endoscopy is shown below at the left, with the normal duodenal appearance at the right

A Complete Overview of Upper GI Endoscop

Easy to use. As a busy gastroenterologist, you need an efficient way to: Complete your endoscopy reports. Bill correctly. Manage referrals and recalls. Stay compliant. Move to your next case. enki ERW builds on all that and more. It's the most advanced system available in the market The average cost can reach $1,500 to $10,000 as it depends on the geographic location, provider, whether sedation/anesthesia is used or not, whether the procedure is performed in an imaging center or in hospital. Although the national average cost of Endoscopy is $2,700 the Upper GI Endoscopy cost without insurance it can reach to $10,000 or. Risks and complications of an EGD test. In general, an EGD is a safe procedure. There's a very slight risk that the endoscope will cause a small hole in your esophagus, stomach, or small.

Chest CTScienceCentral


Normal gastrointestinal tract and variations on endoscopy

  1. The ASGE guideline on the role of endoscopy in the patient with lower GI bleeding (Davila et al, 2005) stated that nasogastric-tube placement and/or upper endoscopy to look for an upper GI source of bleeding should be considered if a source is not identified on colonoscopy, especially if there is a history of upper GI symptoms or anemia
  2. Endoscopy by capsule is limited to those patients who have generally undergone both upper GI endoscopy and colonoscopy, and when these tests have failed to reveal a source of bleeding. In rare situations where hemotemesis occurs repeatedly and upper GI endoscopy is repeatedly negative capsule endoscopy may be indicated
  3. e the gastrointestinal tract for abnormalities. A contrast medium, usually a radiocontrast agent such as barium sulfate mixed with water, is ingested or instilled into the gastrointestinal tract, and X-rays are used to create radiographs of the regions of interest
  4. ation of the interior of a canal or hollow viscus by means of a special instrument, such as an endoscope and often calls for analgesics. 1 Oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (OGD), or panendoscopy, is a diagnostic endoscopic procedure that visualises the upper part of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract up to the duodenum. . OGD is also called an upper endoscopy.
  5. e the cause of gastrointestinal disorders and symptoms including heartburn, Barrett's esophagus, the presence of hiatal hernias, the cause of abdo
  6. According to the report, the upper endoscopy is useful to diagnose previously unknown issues. Of those patients studied in the report, 21.5% of the patients need some sort of medical intervention based on the finding of the EGD before bariatric surgery

Recovery After Upper Endoscopy: What to Expec

upper GI endoscopy A procedure, in which a fiberoptic endoscope-esophagogastroduodenoscope is inserted by mouth and the mucosa of the esophagus, stomach, duodenum, and proximal jejunum are examined for ulceration, polyps, bleeding sites, strictures, and other changes; at the time of the procedure, suspicious lesions may be sampled and the specimens submitted for culturing or microscopic. Upper Endoscopy Specialists. Our board-certified, and best rated gastroenterologists are well known as experts in endoscopy. During an endoscopy consultation, you can feel confident that our doctors carefully identify any history of gerd/reflux, upper GI symptoms including pain, bloating and difficulty swallowing, family history of upper GI cancers as well as many other risk factors

Endoscopy Procedure for Upper GI: Purpose, Results, GERD

Industry Trends. Endoscopy Market size surpassed USD 29.9 billion in 2020 and is projected to grow at over 7.6% CAGR between 2021 and 2027. The increase in technological advancements across the globe is propelling the market growth. Get more details on this report - Request Free Sample PDF Developing healthcare systems and rising expenditure in healthcare is contributing to the market expansion The barium swallow is a less invasive way to look at the upper GI tract than an endoscopy. Barium swallows are a useful diagnostic tool for checking for upper GI tract disorders that can be easily.

ASGE Understanding Upper Endoscop

Overview. Endoscopy or endoscopic ultrasound is a diagnosis test used to determine the abnormalities present in the digestive tract and the surrounding organs. The instrument used for this procedure is an endoscope. It is a tubular and flexible instrument and contains and attached camera. The endoscope is inserted either through the upper. The available literature indicates that an upper gastrointestinal series should be performed prior to capsule endoscopy if the patient is suspected of having intestinal obstruction. In a review on contraindications to capsule endoscopy, Storch and Barkin (2006) stated that the only true remaining contraindications to capsule endoscopy are.

Upper endoscopy (EGD) Has anyone else had this back pain

In this paper we are reporting one case of exsanguinating upper gastrointestinal tract (GIT) bleed requiring massive blood transfusion and immediate life saving surgery. A 30 years old female, 12 weeks pregnant was referred to our hospital from the earth-quake affected area of Kashmir with history of upper abdominal pain, haematemesis and melaena for one week Define upper GI. upper GI synonyms, upper GI pronunciation, upper GI translation, English dictionary definition of upper GI. upper GI. A Case Report and Comprehensive Literature Review [9] However, however no article explaining the removal of swallowed foreign bodies with upper GI endoscopy and colonoscopy in the SIT cases have been found

Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy - YouTubeAn autopsy case of a primary aortoenteric fistula: ASudden elevation of liver enzymes in a 64-year-old patient